A bridging loan is a temporary financing typically lasting one to two years. It covers the financial gap between purchasing a property and the arrangement or availability of a long-term funding source. Bridging loans are versatile and can be used in various scenarios. They offer a means of bridging the time gap between payment and receipt of funds. Although they are usually short-term arrangements, their terms can be negotiated.
This article will answer some most common questions regarding bridging loans.
How Do You Qualify For A Loan?
Bridging loans rely on collateral as security, so having adequate collateral increases the likelihood of a successful application.
Borrowers typically repay the principal and interest in a lump sum at the end of the term rather than through monthly payments. As a result, the loan-to-value (LTV) ratio for fast-bridging loans is typically capped at 75% of the collateral’s value. It is because the LTV considers the accumulated interest and potential changes in the collateral’s value.
How Much Deposit Do You Need To Secure A Bridging Loan?
Bridging lenders establish their limits for the maximum amount of deposit or equity required in the asset used as collateral, which generally falls between 25% to 40%. Typically, applicants opt to deduct the fees and even the upfront interest payments from this amount, resulting in the minimum 25% deposit appearing more like a 30% deposit.
Another factor to consider is the basis for the valuation of the asset. While some lenders base their valuations on the market value, others use the quick sale value as a benchmark.
What Interest Rate Do Bridging Loans Charge?
Since bridge loans are intended for short-term financing, interest rates are quoted monthly, ranging from below 1% to over 2%, depending on the collateral available.
Typically, bridging loan interest rates are higher than mortgages and similar funding options, primarily due to their short-term nature. However, it’s essential to remember the risk/reward tradeoff, where higher collateral leads to lower risk and, as a result, a relatively lower interest rate. If the lender has substantial collateral as a fallback, it will limit their risk exposure.
Are Bridging Loans Bad?
Bridging loans can be a valuable source of finance if used wisely, but they can also result in collateral loss and financial difficulties if used recklessly.
Many individuals are concerned about the high-interest rates associated with bridge loans. However, these loans are typically repaid within a few weeks or months, so the actual interest charged is unlikely to be as high as the annual interest rate suggests.
When utilized correctly, bridging loans can be an effective means of addressing short-term cash flow problems. Debt can be advantageous if treated with respect but can become a harsh adversary if treated carelessly.
Can You Get A Bridging Loan Without Having A Property?
If you’re a first-time buyer seeking a bridging loan, remember that the most favorable terms are typically reserved for experienced applicants. If you own multiple properties, cross-charges may enable you to access equity.
Bridging lenders will also evaluate your wealth, income, and experience to determine whether to support your application.
How Is It Difficult To Get A Bridging Loan?
The process of applying for a bridging loan is relatively simple, with a focus on the collateral used as security for the loan. Providing sufficient collateral, which acts as a safety net for the lender, will enhance the likelihood of a successful application.
Unlike mortgage applications, bridging loans do not require an affordability calculation because no monthly payments are involved. Therefore, your application should be carefully considered if you possess adequate collateral to cover the bridge finance, a repayment method, and an exit plan. However, lenders must be realistic when evaluating the borrower’s finances against the risks they are taking on.
Why Are Bridging Loans Expensive Than Mortgage Loans?
Bridging loans are often taken out to make an asset usable for the broader market, such as by adding a functional kitchen and bathroom. However, while the property is not immediately marketable, traditional mortgage lenders may avoid it since they require the ability to sell it instantly if they need to repossess it. Bridging loans can address title deeds or roll interest issues instead of assessing monthly affordability. Essentially, bridging loans carry a higher degree of risk for the lender, reflected in the fees and interest rates they charge.
What Type Of Security Do You Need For Bridging Loan?
When applying for a bridging loan, real estate is the most commonly used type of collateral. However, in theory, any asset could be used as security.
In practice, lenders prefer to accept relatively safe and stable collateral, such as real estate, that will maintain its value. Other assets, such as classic cars or art collections, could be used, but they may carry more volatility and lead to a reduced maximum loan-to-value ratio. Therefore, discussing the potential collateral with the lender at the earliest opportunity is crucial.
Read More: How does a bridging loan work?
In conclusion, bridging loans can be useful in various situations, such as purchasing a property or addressing short-term cash flow problems. However, they come with their risks and should be used wisely. When applying for a bridging loan, it’s essential to have sufficient collateral to act as security, understand the interest rates and fees, and have a repayment plan. Considering these factors, a bridging loan can be a valuable financial solution.
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